Apprenticeship Training Scheme ( Under Apprenticeship Act 1961 )
IntroductionIndustrial development is one of the prime needs for our Country. Great Stress has been laid on this factor in the various development plans of the country. The development and sustainance of industry needs trained personnel to perform the multifarious functions necessary for it. Acute shortage of manpower in the skilled categories is felt in many Industries. It has been realised that Apprenticeship Training Scheme is one of the most important sources of supply of skilled manpower to the industry. With this objective, the Apprentices Act 1961 was enacted in the parliament on 23rd December 1961. The Act came into force from 1st March 1962 and is applicable to the whole of India. Under the Act, it is a statutory obligation on Employers in the specified industries to engage apprentices as per ratio prescribed in the designated trades.
State Council for Vocational TrainingThe State Council for Vocational Training is a counter part of NCVT at State level and it plays the same role, that is played by NCVT at National level. The SCVT is Chaired by the Secretary for Higher and Technical Education.
Status5270 establishments all over the State have so far been engaging apprentices under the Apprentices Act 1961.
Progress Report Regarding Implementation Of Apprentices Act 1961The position with regard to the Apprenticeship Training Scheme according to the latest available statistic’s as on 31/03/2011 is indicated below :
Trades238 trades relating to both Engineering & Non-Engineering Industries have so far been designated under the the Apprentices Act 1961.
Qualification For AdmissionA person, male or female, is qualified for being engaged as an apprentice if he/she is not less then 14 year of age & satisfies the prescribed standards of Education and Physical Fitness.
AdmissionsApprentices are generally engaged twice a year, during 16th January to 15th April and 16th July to 15th October each year, but not less than 15th April and 15th October of that year.
Mode Of RecruitmentThe Employer having its own Basic Training facilities can engage fresher Apprentices and employer not having Basic Training facilities have to engage ex- ITI trainees for Apprenticeship.
Employer has his own choice to engage candidates for Apprenticeship Training. For the engage of Apprentices, the employer can advertise the posts in the local news paper / he can send his requisition to employment exchange or render all possible assistance from the bonafied egencis for the engagement of Apprentices.
Department is engaging Bharati Melawas in concerned session to engage apprentices in all over Maharashtra.
Duration Of TrainingFor most of the trades, the duration of Apprenticeship Training including Basic Training is of 3 Years and other trades, the duration varies from 6 months to 4 years. Duration of every trade is included in the trade list attached herewith.
Training ProgrammeTraining Programme for Trade Apprentices in each designated trade is comprised of: Basic Training It is imparted to a learner for acquiring a reasonable ability to handle Instruments/Machineries/Equipments independently prior to being moved to Shop Floor/Work Area for furthering trade skills. Basic Training is imparted either in a recognized Industrial Training Institute or in a separate building set up by an employer. It is obligatory to set up Basic Training Centre for the establishment employing 250 or more workers and have to engage fresher apprentices. On the Job or Shop Floor Training ( Inplant Training ) The shop floor training is to be given to the apprentices by the employer in the workshop. Related Instructions The trade apprentice who is undergoing apprenticeship training, in an establishment,during the period of training, shall be given a course of Related Instruction appropriate to the trade, which shall be approved by the State Government. Related Training includes Trade Theory,Workshop Calculation and Engineering Drawing. Such knowledge is required to be given to the Apprentices to become fully qualifiedas a skilled craftsman. Related Instruction shallbe imparted at the cost of the appropriate Government but the employer shall, when so required, afford all facilities for imparting such instructions.
Rates of StipendThe minimum rates of stipend prescribed under the rules are indicated below. Employers are encouraged to pay higher stipend should they wish to.
Final Trade TestEvery apprentice who has completed the prescribed period of apprenticeship training and has put in minimum required attendance shall appear for an All India Trade Test which is conducted under the aegis of the National Council for Vocational Training. These tests are held twice a year.
Offer and Acceptance of EmploymentIt shall not be obligatory on the part of the employer to offer an employment to an apprentice nor shall it be obligatory on the part of the apprentice to accept an employment under the employer on successful completion of training, unless it is specifically provided in the contract of Apprenticeship.
Contract of ApprenticeshipEvery person regarded as an apprentice or if he is a minor his guardian shall have to execute a contract of apprenticeship with the employer in the prescribed form, which will be registered with the Apprenticeship Adviser. The Apprenticeship Training will be imparted in pursuance of this contract. The apprentices and the employer shall carry out their obligation under this contract.
Obligations of the three parties involved in the contractGovernment :
Offences and PenaltiesWhere the contract of Apprenticeship is terminated due to failure on the part of an employer in carrying out the terms and conditions of contract, he shall be liable to pay to the apprentice compensation of an amount equivalent to his three months last drawn stipend.